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openSUSE Leap 15.3 je...

Softwarová řemeslnost

Předchozí verze openSUSE Leapu odvedly skvělou práci pro udržení zdrojových kódů stejných s SUSE Linux Enterprise, přesto rozdílná konfigurace sestavení vedla k různým sadám funkcí na obou stranách těchto chameleonových distribucích. Toto vydání openSUSE Leapu jde ještě dále oproti předchozím zdrojům, sjednocuje sady funkcí a sestavuje openSUSE Leap nad binárními balíčky ze SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 SP3. Toto vydání se stává plně binárně identické mezi openSUSE Leap 15.3 a SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 SP3. Více informací o postupu sjednocení můžete nalézt zde

Bezešvá migrace

Zkušenost bezešvé migrace z Leapu na SUSE Linux Enterprise Server je téměř okamžitá. Změny vzorů pro migraci na SUSE Linux Enterprise jsou bez námahy. Uživatelé openSUSE Leapu, kteří by potřebovali přemigrovat, budou mít tuto možnost k dispozici a také si mohou být jisti migrací na podnikovou podporu. Více informací o tom, jak jsou distribuce sestavovány můžete nalézt zde.

Umělá inteligence

V Leapu 15.3 je mnoho balíčků pro umělou inteligenci (AI) a strojové učení.

Tensorflow: Framework pro hluboké učení, který mohou použít datoví vědci, poskytující číselné výpočty a grafy toku dat. Jeho flexibilní architektura umožňuje uživatelům nasadit výpočty na jeden nebo více procesorů pracovní stanice, serveru nebo mobilního zařízení bez nutnosti přepisovat kód.

PyTorch: Vytvořený jak pro server, tak i výpočtové prostředky. Tato knihovna strojového učení urychluje schopnost pokročilých uživatelů namodelovat projekt a přesunout jej do produkčního nasazení.

ONNX: Otevřený formát sestavený pro znázornění modelů strojového učení, poskytuje součinnost v oblasti nástroje AI. Umožňuje vývojářům AI použití modelů s různými frameworky, nástroji, běhovými prostředími a překladači.

For Users


Plasma 5.18 LTS is the third long-term support release from the KDE Plasma team. Leap 15.3 includes this LTS version. In Plasma 5.18 you will find neat features that make notifications clearer, settings more streamlined and the overall look more attractive. Plasma 5.18 is easier and more fun to use, while at the same time allowing you to be more productive when it is time to work. If you are thinking of updating or migrating your school, company or organization to Plasma, this version is your best bet, as you get the most stable version of Plasma *and* all the new features too. Plasma 5.18 is even more user-friendly as we have added more features that let you work, play and express yourself better. Take the new Emoji Selector: it is literally always just two keystrokes away. Hold down the Meta (Windows) key and press the period (.) and it will pop up. Click on the icon that best represents your feelings and you can paste the emoji into your email, social media post, text message or even your terminal. Continuing with improvements to the overall look, Plasma 5.18 comes with better support for GTK applications using client-side decorations. These applications now show proper shadows and the resize areas for them. GTK apps now also automatically inherit Plasma's settings for fonts, icons, mouse cursors and more. Plasma now starts significantly faster and start-up scripts have been converted from bash to C++ and now run asynchronously. There is also much better support for public WiFi logins. To help relax your eyesight, there's a new system tray widget that lets you toggle the Night Color feature. You can also configure keyboard shortcuts to turn Night Color and Do Not Disturb modes on or off. Full list of changes can be found here.


Leap 15.3 offers GNOME 3.34 (named Thessaloniki), which comes with a large number of new features, bug fixes, and better performance. Improvements to core GNOME applications include new icons, sandboxed browsing in Web, gapless playback in Music, support for bidirectional text in the Terminal, more featured applications in Software, and more. The Folder Management makes it possible to create, rename, and delete folders using Drag n’ Drop actions in the application overview. This makes organizing applications much easier and keeps the application overview clutter-free. The overview visual style was refined as well, including the search entry field, the login password field, and the overview window highlight border.


Xfce Desktop is now an option in the Leap 15.3 Installer. New icons and color palette giving a new visual identity to Xfce. Icons contributed by fellow Geeko Maurizio Galli from openSUSE Xfce Team. Dropped GTK2. Use of CSD titlebar for some system dialogs and applications. he window manager received lots of updates and improvements again in the area of compositing and GLX. Support for fractional scaling was added to the display dialog. Added a new plugin to the panel dubbed "statustray" which combines both StatusNotifier and legacy Systray items. You can check out the complete list of new features in the official Xfce 4.16 tour and the official release announcement.

Sway Tree.png

openSUSE Leap 15.3 contains a tiling Wayland compositor Sway, that is a drop-in replacement for the i3 window manager for X11.

Vzdělávání, výzkum a zdravotnictví

The Leap distribution supports the health, science, research and developer communities with packages like GNU Health, which can help facilitate running the operations of a hospital and collecting vital patient data, and QGIS, which allows researchers to create, edit, visualise, analyse and publish geospatial information. Grafana and Prometheus are two new maintained packages that open up new possibilities for analytical experts. Grafana provides end users the ability to create interactive visual analytics. Feature-rich data-modeling packages: Graphite, Elastic and Prometheus give openSUSE users greater latitude to construct, compute and decipher data more intelligibly.


This openSUSE release use Weblate to coordinate the translation of openSUSE into more than 50 languages. openSUSE’s Weblate interface enables everyone (from dedicated translators to casual contributors) to take part in the process and makes it possible to coordinate the translations of openSUSE with the ones for SUSE Linux Enterprise, boosting collaboration between community and enterprise.